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Spin-dependent gauge fields in atomic gases

Ian Spielman, JQI, NIST and University of Maryland
Monday, September 29, 2014 - 4:00pm to 5:00pm
PAA A-102
Gauge fields are ubiquitous in Physics. For example, in the context of high energy physics, they are the fundamental carrier of forces; while in condensed matter systems the associated physical fields (electrical and magnetic) are essential in creating and understanding many-body phenomena. These fields can depend on internal — spin — degrees of freedom, and in material systems these spin-dependent gauge fields are often manifest as spin-orbit
coupling (SOC).

Here I present our experimental work synthesizing SOC for ultracold neutral atoms. I will first show how we use the light-matter interaction to engineer gauge terms in the atomic
Hamiltonian, and then how to make these depend on spin. Finally, I will show that these
couplings can be equivalently considered in the language of magnetism, and in this
language we observe a range of itinerant magnetic transitions in our bosonic system.
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